Andersson, E., J. Pailleux, J. N. Thépaut, J. R. Eyre, A. P. McNally, G. A. Kelly, and P. Courtier, 1994: Use of cloud-cleared radiances in three/four-dimensional variational data assimilation, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 120, 627–653.
Barth, M. C., and D. B. Parsons, 1996: Microphysical processes associated with intense frontal rainbands and the effects of evaporation and melting on frontal dynamics. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 1569–1586.
Bond, N. A., C. F. Mass, B. F. Smull, R. A. Houze, M.-J. Yang, B. A. Colle, S. A. Braun, M. A. Shapiro, B. R. Colman, P. J. Neiman, J. E. Overland, W. D. Neff, and J. D. Doyle, 1997: The Coastal Observation and Simulation with Topography (COAST) experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78, 1941-1955.
Brown, M. J., J. D. Locatelli, M. T. Stoelinga, and P. V. Hobbs, 1999: Numerical modeling of precipitation cores on cold fronts. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 1175-1196.
Brown, P. R. A., and H. A. Swann, 1997: Evaluation of key microphysical parameters in three-dimensional cloud-model simulations using aircraft and multiparameter radar data. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 123, 2245-2275.
Bruintjes, R. T., T. L. Clark, and W. D. Hall, 1994: Interactions between topographic airflow and cloud/precipitation development during the passage of a winter storm in Arizona. J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 48-67.
Chen, C., C. H. Bishop, G. S. Lai, and W.-K. Tao, 1997: Numerical simulations of an observed narrow cold-frontal rainband. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1027-1045.
Cober, S. G., G. A. Isaac, and J. W. Strapp, 1995: Aircraft icing measurements in east coast winter storms. J. Appl. Meteor., 34, 88–100.
Colle, B. A., and C. F. Mass, 1996: An observational and modeling study of the interaction of low-level southwesterly flow with the Olympic Mountains during COAST IOP 4. Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 2152–2175.
_____, and _____, 1999: The 5-9 February 1996 flooding event over the Pacific Northwest: Sensitivity studies and evaluation of the MM5 precipitation forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 593-617.
_____, K. Westrick, and C. F. Mass, 1999: Evaluation of MM5 and Eta-10 precipitation forecasts over the Pacific Northwest during the cool season. Wea. Forecasting, 14, 137-154.
Cotton, W. R., 1982: Colorado State University three-dimensional cloud/mesoscale model. Part 2: Ice phase parameterization. J. Rech. Atmos., 16, 295-320.
Courtier, P., and O. Talagrand, 1987: Variational assimilation of meteorological observations with the adjoint vorticity equation. II: Numerical results. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 113, 1329–1347.
Doviak, R. J., and D. S. Zrnic, 1993: Doppler Radar and Weather Observations. 2d ed. Academic Press, 562 pp.
Dudhia, J., 1989: Numerical study of convection observed during the Winter Monsoon Experiment using a mesoscale two-dimensional model. J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 3077–3107.
Fritsch, J. M., and co-authors, 1998: Quantitative precipitation forecasting: report of the eighth prospectus development team, U. S. Weather Research Program. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79, 285-299.
Frush, C. L., P. H. Hildebrand, and C. Walther, 1986: The NCAR airborne Doppler radar. Part II: System design considerations. Preprints, 23d Conf. On Radar Meteorology, Snowmass, CO, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 151–154.
Gaudet, B., and W. R. Cotton, 1998: Statistical characteristics of a real-time precipitation forecasting model. Wea. Forecasting, 13, 966–982.
Grell, G. A., J. Dudhia, and D. R. Stauffer, 1994: A description of the fifth-generation Penn State/NCAR mesoscale model (MM5). NCAR Tech. Note TN-398+STR, 122 pp. [Available from UCAR Communications, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307.]
Herzegh, P. H. and P. V. Hobbs, 1980: The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in mid-latitude cyclones. II: Warm-frontal clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 597–611.
Hildebrand, P. H., 1989: Airborne Doppler radar accuracy. Preprints, 24th Conf. On Radar Meteorology, Tallahassee, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 5
Hobbs, P.V., 1975: The nature of winter clouds and precipitation in the Cascade Mountains and their modification by artificial seeding. Part I: Natural conditions. J. Appl. Met., 14, 783–804.
_____, 1978: Organization and structure of clouds and precipitation on the mesoscale and microscale in cyclonic storms. Rev. Geoph. And Space Physics, 16, 741-755.
_____, R. A. Houze, and T.J. Matejka, 1975: The dynamic and microphysical structure of an occluded front and its modification by orography, J. Atmos. Sci., 32, 1542-1562.
_____, R.C. Easter, and A.B. Fraser, 1973: A theoretical study of the flow of air and fall out of solid precipitation over mountainous terrain. Part II. Microphysics. J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 813-823.
_____, and Persson, P.O.G., 1982. The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. Part V: The substructure of narrow cold-frontal rainbands. J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 280-295.
_____, L. F. Radke, A. B. Fraser, J. D. Locatelli, C. E. Robertson, D. G. Atkinson, R. J. Farber, R. R. Weiss and R. C. Easter, 1971: Research report VI: Studies of winter cyclonic storms over the Cascade Mountains (1970-1971). 306 pp. [Available from Peter V. Hobbs, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Box 351640, University of Washington 98195]
Hsie, E.-Y., R. A. Anthes, and D. Keyser, 1984: Numerical simulation of frontogenesis in a moist atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 2581–2594.
Jorgensen, D. P., and B. F. Smull, 1993: Airborne Doppler-radar observations of vortices within bow-echo mesoscale convective systems. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 74, 2146–2157.
Korolev, A. V., J. W. Strapp, and G. A. Isaac, 1998: Evaluation of the accuracy of PMS optical array probes. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 15, 708-720.
Lawson, R. P., and T. L. Jensen, 1998: Improved microphysical observations in mixed phase clouds. Conf. On Cloud Physics, Everett, WA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 451-454.
Lewis, J. M., and J. C. Derber, 1985: The use of adjoint equations to solve a variational adjustment problem with advective constraints. Tellus, 37A, 309–322.
Lin, Y.-L., R. D. Farley, and H. D. Orville, 1983: Bulk parameterization of the snow field in a cloud model. J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 22, 1065-1092.
Manning, K. W., and C. A. Davis, 1997: Verification and sensitivity experiments for the WISP94 MM5 forecasts. Wea. Forecasting, 12, 719–735.
Matejka, T. J., R. A. Houze, Jr. and P. V. Hobbs, 1980: Microphysics and dynamics of clouds associated with mesoscale rainbands in extratropical cyclones. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 106, 29-56.
Parsons, D. B., 1992: An explanation for intense frontal updrafts and narrow cold-frontal rainbands. J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 1810–1825.
Rasmussen, R., M. Politovich, J. Marwitz, W. Sand, J. McGinley, J. Smart, R. Pielke, S. Rutledge, D. Wesley, G. Stossmeister, B. Bernstein, K. Elmore, N. Powell, E. Westwater, B. Stankov, and D. Burrows, 1992: Winter Icing and Storms Project (WISP). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 73, 951-974.
Reisner, J., R. M. Rasmussen, and R. T. Bruintjes, 1998: Explicit forecasting of supercooled liquid water in winter storms using the MM5 mesoscale model. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 124, 1071-1107.
Reynolds, D. W., and A. S. Dennis, 1986: Review of the Sierra Cooperative Pilot Project. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 67, 513-523.
Rutledge, S. A. and P. V. Hobbs, 1983: The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. VIII. A model for the "seeder-feeder" process in warm-frontal rainbands. J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 1185–1206.
_____, and _____, 1984: The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in mid-latitude cyclone. XII: A diagnostic modeling study of precipitation development in narrow cold-frontal rainbands. J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 2949–2972.
Smith, J. D., and co-authors, 1999: Hydrological aspects of weather prediction and flood warnings: Report of the Ninth Prospectus Development Team of the U.S. Weather Research Program. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. (submitted).
Sun, J., and N. A. Crook, 1997: Dynamical and microphysical retrieval from Doppler radar observations using a cloud model and its adjoint. Part I: Model development and simulated data experiments. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1642–1661.
_____ and _____, 1998: Dynamical and microphysical retrieval from Doppler radar observations using a cloud model and its adjoint. Part II: Retrieval experiments of an observed Florida convective storm. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 835-852.
Tao, W. K., and J. Simpson, 1993: Goddard Cumulus Ensemble Model. Part I: Model description. TAO, 4, 35–72.
Westrick, K. J., and C. F. Mass, 2000a: A coupled hydrometeorological prediction system. Mon. Wea. Rev. (submitted).
_____, and _____, 2000b: A coupled high-resolution hydrometeorological modeling study of a cool-season flood event in a coastal mountainous watershed. J. Appl. Meteor., (submitted).
Wurman, J., 1994: Vector winds from a single-transmitter bistatic dual-Doppler radar network. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 75, 983–994.
_____, S. Heckman, and D. Boccippio, 1993: A bistatic multiple-Doppler network. J. Appl. Meteor., 32, 1802–1814.
Zou, X., Y.-H. Kuo, and Y.-R. Guo, 1995: Assimilation of atmospheric refractivity using nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 2229–2249.